As we all know stomach is one of the very vital organ of the human body which is located in the upper part of the abdomen. It plays a key role in the process of digestion of foods that we eat, releases various enzymes and also protects the lower intestine from corrupting organisms and ingredients. The stomach mixes the eaten food, stores the ingested food and also produces stomach acid which kills the microorganisms.
The commonly used term for stomach disease is Gastropathy. There are other stomach diseases that include dysphepsia, peptic ulcer disease and some others. Stomach cancer is also a type of stomach disease. Diarrhea also comes under the category of stomach disorders.
Stomach ache is the most characteristic and run- of – the – mill symptom of stomach disorders followed by nausea, giddiness, vomiting, bloating and pain.
The causes of a stomach disease may vary from one another. Smoking is considered to be the top- most and number one cause of most of the stomach diseases. Alcohol consumption also leads to various chronic stomach diseases to a great extent. Thus, we realize that majority of the stomach disorders are usually due to smoking and consumption of alcohol.
Here is the brief up of some of the well- known stomach diseases:
Acid Reflux Disease: Acid reflux disease is also known as Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). It is a common disease that affects many people all over the world. When there is a back flow of the acids that are formed in the stomach into the esophageal track, it causes pain and burning sensation.
Stomach Cancer: Another name for stomach cancer is Gastric cancer or Gastric carcinoma. It is a very rare type of disorder. The causes of it are uncertain and unidentified; they are yet to be found out. The symptoms of it include abdominal fullness, weight loss and pain.
Stomach Ulcers (Peptic Ulcer Disease): Ulcers/ ulcerations or sores are formed in the stomach usually due to Helicobacter pylori infections. The excessive, long- term use of alcohol may also be one of the reasons which cause stomach ulcers in the human body. Stomach ulcer is the main cause of stomach bleeding. Stomach bleeding signs may include having a black or tarry tool.
Stomach Flu: Viral gastroenteritis is the supplementary name for stomach flu. The symptoms of it may include fever and chills, diarrhea and vomiting. The people who are very old or very young are more capable of getting infected with this kind of stomach disease.
Diarrhea: Diarrhea is basically of 2 types: acute diarrhea and chronic diarrhea. Chronic Diarrhea may last for a number of days. It is one of the very commonly known stomach diseases.
Gastritis: In Gastritis, the patient experiences inflammation in stomach with abdominal pain.
Crohn’s Disease: This is a disorder in which digestive tract lining gets inflammations. This inflammation leads to diarrhoea, abdominal pain and malnutrition.
Gastroparesis: Gastroparesis is a condition in which a delayed gastric emptying happens due to the weaker stomach muscles. This condition is a kind of paralysis that affects the muscular movement inside the stomach and as a result the food is not digested properly.
Appendicitis: Appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix, a small appendage near the intestine.
Thus, it is of utmost importance that you take care of your health. And in case if you are going through any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is very crucial that you get a diagnosis done. There are various treatments and medicines that help in curing the stomach diseases. One of the well- known tools to detect any type of stomach disease is Endoscopy. It is very commonly used for detecting stomach problems. X- ray also helps to track down the root cause of the stomach disease. Some of the other tests include a pH study, CT scans and MRI.